Did you perchance mean Ruminantia?
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- A series or section of artiodactyl ungulate mammals; the ruminants or ruminating animals, or hoofed quadrupeds that chew the cud. All are even-toed and cloven-footed, and have a complex stomach of several compartments, in the largest one of which food is received without being chewed, to be afterward regurgitated or thrown up into the mouth, there chewed at the animal's leisure, and then swallowed again. In nearly all living ruminants the stomach has four compartments, or is quadripartite: these are the rumen, paunch, or plain tripe; the reticulum, or honeycomb tripe; the omasum, psalterium, or manyplies; and the abomasum or rennet-bag, succeeding one another in the order here given. The two former belong to the cardiac division of the stomach, the two latter to the pyloric. The families of living ruminants whose stomachs are thus perfectly quadrilocular are— the Giraffidæ, or camelopards; the Saigidæ (if regarded as distinct from the Bovidæ); the Bovidæ, or cattle, including also sheep and goats and all kinds of antelopes excepting the Antilocapridæ; and the Cervidæ, or deer family. In the Camelidæ, or camels and llamas, the stomach is imperfectly four-parted. In the Tragulidæ it is tripartite, no psalterium being developed. Several extinct families are believed on other grounds (their stomachs being unknown) to have belonged to the Ruminantia. The ruminants are collectively contrasted with those ungulates which, though artiodactyl, do not ruminate, and are known as Omnivora, as the swine and hippo-potamus. The average size of ruminants among mammals is large, a sheep being one of the smaller species; they are perfectly herbivorous, and have in addition to the peculiarities of the digestive system certain characteristic dental and cranial features: thus, there are no upper incisors, except in the camel family, in any of the living ruminants, and the under incisors bite against a callous pad. At the present time these animals are found in nearly all parts of the world (not, however, in the Australian); they are comparatively poorly represented in America, and occur in the greatest numbers, both of individuals and of species, in Africa. Also called
Pecora. See also cut under Tragulus.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Zoöl.) A division of Artiodactyla having four stomachs. This division includes the camels, deer, antelopes, goats, sheep, neat cattle, and allies.
- n. cattle; bison; sheep; goats; antelopes; deer; chevrotains; giraffes; camels.
“And then on to ruminant, which verified my initial rumgumption about the cud-chewing, but included, also, a reference to the "ruminantia," which are "a division of even-toed, hoofed mammals" including some which do not chew the cud!”
“Of the non-ruminantia we have only the Suidae -- the peccaries belonging to America, and the hippopotami to Africa.”
“The digestive system of the ruminantia is more complicated in structure than that of any other class of animals; and, owing to this complexity, and the consequent difficulty of investigating it, its nature and functions have been less perfectly understood.”
“We will begin, therefore, with the animals belonging to the ruminantia -- the eighth in natural order; taking next the carnivora -- the fifth; and the smaller rodentia -- the sixth; while the birds and reptiles will follow in due course.”
“Finally, the pliocene gives us for the first time, oxen, deer, camels, and other specimens of the ruminantia.”
“The rasorial type comprehends most of the animals which become domesticated and useful to man, as, first, the fowls which give a name to the type, the ungulata, and more particularly the ruminantia, among quadrupeds, and the dog among the ferae.”
“Liberals tend to be more optimistic about the prospects for world order, and they perceive the common humanity ruminantia of the sheep and the goats.”
“_white_; and granting that it was invariably black, other genera of the ruminantia have the muzzle black: and therefore it cannot be said to be”
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