American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- adj. Botany Having saw-toothed divisions directed backward: runcinate leaves.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- In botany, irregularly saw-toothed or pinnately incised, with the lobes or teeth hooked backward: said chiefly of leaves, as those of the dandelion.
- adj. botany, of leaves Having tooth-like projections pointing away from the apex.
- adj. botany, of leaves Having a lacerated aspect with the projection pointing away from the apex, like dandelion leaves.
GNU Webster's 1913
- adj. (Bot.) Pinnately cut with the lobes pointing downwards, as the leaf of the dandelion.
- adj. having incised margins with the lobes or teeth pointing toward the base; as dandelion leaves
- Latin runcinātus, past participle of runcināre, to plane, from runcina, carpenter's plane, formerly taken to mean saw, alteration (influenced by runcāre, to weed, pluck) of Greek rhukanē, carpenter's plane. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“The movement brought the stern to view, with all its garniture-Tritons like those at the bow; name in large raised letters; the rudder at the side; the elevated platform upon which the helmsman sat, a stately figure in full armour, his hand upon the rudder-rope; and the aplustre, high, gilt, carved, and bent over the helmsman like a great runcinate leaf.”
“See, Miss Esther, look at these runcinate leaves. ”
“The inner ones may be linear or linear-lanceolate, with or without appendages below the tip; the outer ones may be similar and only shorter, or noticeably larger, erect, spreading or even reflexed, and the color of the involucre may be a pure green or glaucous; the leaves may be nearly entire or pinnatifid, or sinuate-dentate, or very deeply runcinate-pinnatifid, or even pinnately divided, the whole plant being more or less glabrous.”
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