American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. See sucrose.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The general name of any crystalline sugar having the formula C12H22O11 which suffers hydrolysis on heating with water or dilute mineral acid, each molecule yielding two molecules of a glucose. The saccharoses are glucose an-hydrids. The best-known are saccharose or cane-sugar, milk-sugar, and maltose.
- n. Specifically, the ordinary pure sugar of commerce, obtained from the sugar-cane or sorghum, from the beet-root, and from the sap of a species of maple. Chemically, pure saccharose is a solid crystalline body, odorless, having a very sweet taste, very soluble in water, less soluble in alcohol, and insoluble in absolute alcohol. Its aqueous solution is strongly dextrorotatory. It melts at 160° C., and decomposes at a higher temperature. Heated sufficiently with water or dilute mineral acid, it breaks up into equal parts of dextrose and levulose. Saccharose does not directly undergo either alcoholic or lactic fermentation; but in the presence of certain ferments it is resolved into dextrose and levulose, which are readily fermentable. It unites directly with many metallic oxids and hydrates to form compounds called
sucratesor saccharates. Saccharose is extensively used both as a food and as an antiseptic. It is also used to some extent in medicine. Also called cane-sugar.
- n. A trade-name of the sodium salt of saccharin. See saccharin, 2.
- n. biochemistry sucrose
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Chem.) Cane sugar; sucrose; also, in general, any one of the group of which saccharose, or sucrose proper, is the type. See sucrose.
- n. a complex carbohydrate found in many plants and used as a sweetening agent
- From saccharo- + -ose (Wiktionary)
“These products are: two saturated chains aliphatic hydrocarbons (C33H68 and C35H72), saccharose, two pentacyclic triterpenes of the ursane group (alpha-amyrine, urs-12-ene-3-one), a new polymethoxy flavonoid”
“Nitro-molasses, which is a liquid product, has also been proposed, and nitro-saccharose, the product obtained by the nitration of sugar.”
“-- In certain cases a corresponding percentage of lactose, maltose, or saccharose is substituted for glucose.”
“The most important application of inosite-free bouillon is its use in the preparation of sugar bouillons, whether glucose, maltose, lactose, or saccharose, of exact percentage composition.”
“Weigh out 20 grammes saccharose and add to the filtrate.”
“Weigh out 20 grammes saccharose and add to the contents of the flask.”
“From this the author concludes that the formation of saccharose from glucose takes place entirely in the leaves under the influence of sunlight, and that the saccharose thereupon ascends the cane through the petioles, etc., and collects there.”
“For example, various sugars -- lactose, glucose, saccharose, &c. -- are added to test the fermentative action of the bacterium on these substances; litmus is added to show changes in reaction, specially standardized media being used for estimating such changes; peptone solution is commonly employed for testing whether or not the bacterium forms indol; sterilized milk is used as a culture medium to determine whether or not it is curdled by the growth.”
“A new method for the analysis of saccharose and raffinose, when in the presence of inverted sugar, is said to give accurate results.”
“Herbal Dental Gel Peppermint Herbal ingredients such as echinacea, fresh tasting, gentle cleanser with low anise, green tea, clove oil and a sudsing action saccharose ester retard development of tooth decay and plaque-producing Mineral Toothpaste bacteria.”
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