American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. Any of a family of dyes based on phenazine, used in the textile industry and as a biological stain.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A coal-tar color used in dyeing, obtained by oxidizing a mixture of amido-azotoluene and toluidine. It gives yellowish-red shades on wool, silk, and cotton, and is fairly fast to light.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Chem.) An orange-red nitrogenous dyestuff produced artificially by oxidizing certain aniline derivatives, and used in dyeing silk and wool; also, any one of the series of which safranine proper is the type.
- n. any of a class of chiefly red organic dyes
- French safran, saffron (from Old French; see saffron) + -ine2. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“In commerce three brands of aniline are distinguished -- aniline oil for blue, which is pure aniline; aniline oil for red, a mixture of equimolecular quantities of aniline and ortho - and para-toluidines; and aniline oil for safranine, which contains aniline and ortho-toluidine, and is obtained from the distillate (_échappés_) of the fuchsine fusion.”
“The most useful are hæmatoxylin, carmine, and various aniline colors, among which may be mentioned, besides gentian violet, safranine, Bismarck brown, methyl violet.”
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