from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A Mediterranean food fish (Sparisoma scarus); parrotfish.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A Mediterranean food fish (Sparisoma scarus) of excellent quality and highly valued by the Romans; -- called also parrot fish.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. A fish of the genus Scarus.
  • n. [capitalized] [NL. (Gronovius, 1763; Forskål, 1775).] A genus of acanthopterygian fishes, of which the scarus of the ancient Greeks and Romans is the oldest known species, giving name to the Scaridæ or Scarinæ, and having varying limits; the parrot-wrasses or parrot-fishes.


Latin. See scar ("a kind of fish"). (Wiktionary)


  • Of all fishes the so-called scarus, or parrot, wrasse, is the only one known to chew the cud like a quadruped.

    The History of Animals

  • All fishes are saw-toothed excepting the scarus; and the teeth in all cases are sharp and set in many rows, and in some cases are placed on the tongue.

    The History of Animals

  • The grey mullet feeds on mud, the dascyllus on mud and offal, the scarus or parrot-fish and the melanurus on sea-weed, the saupe on offal and sea-weed; the saupe feeds also on zostera, and is the only fish that is captured with a gourd.

    The History of Animals

  • For in some cases the stomach is gut-shaped, as with the scarus, or parrot-fish; which fish, by the way, appears to be the only fish that chews the cud.

    The History of Animals

  • In the lagoon no scarus is found, nor thritta, nor any other species of the spiny fish, no spotted dogfish, no spiny dogfish, no sea-crawfish, no octopus either of the common or the musky kinds, and certain other fish are also absent; but of fish that are found in the lagoon the white gudgeon is not a marine fish.

    The History of Animals

  • The fisherman baited his hook with a piece from the belly of a scarus and lowered it down out of sight, then he belayed the line to a thole pin, and, sitting in the bottom of the boat, hung his head over the side and gazed deep down into the water.

    The Blue Lagoon: a romance

  • Globeshaped jelly-fish as big as oranges, great cuttlefish bones flat and shining and white, shark's teeth, spines of echini; sometimes a dead scarus fish, its stomach distended with bits of coral on which it had been feeding; crabs, sea urchins, sea-weeds of strange colour and shape; star-fish, some tiny and of the colour of cayenne pepper, some huge and pale.

    The Blue Lagoon: a romance

  • Be of good cheer, O skilled in seafaring, whether thou sail to the Syrtis or the Sicilian shingle: only by the altars of Priapus of the Anchorage burn a scarus or ruddy wrasse.

    Select Epigrams from the Greek Anthology

  • Without transforming bodily a Roman caena into an English dinner, one may sometimes effect with advantage a trifling change in the less important dishes: a boar must not appear as a baron of beef, but a scarus may perhaps be turned, as I have turned it, into

    The Satires, Epistles, and Art of Poetry

  • a mullet or a cuttle-fish, or a vocal scarus, to Priapus, ruler of ocean and giver of anchorage; and so go fearlessly on thy seafaring to the bounds of the Ionian Sea.

    Select Epigrams from the Greek Anthology

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