from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A dense mass of branched hyphae, as in certain fungi, that contain stored food and are capable of remaining dormant for long periods.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A compact mass of hardened mycelium stored with reserve food material that, in some higher fungi such as ergot, becomes detached and remains dormant until a favourable opportunity for growth occurs.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. A hardened body formed by certain fungi, as by the Claviceps purpurea, which produces ergot.
- n. The mature or resting stage of a plasmodium.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In botany:
- n. A pluricellular tuber-like reservoir of reserve material forming on a primary filamentous mycelium, from which it becomes detached when its development is complete.
- n. [capitalized] An old genus of fungi, comprising hard, black, compact bodies which are now known to be a resting-stage of the mycelium of certain other fungi, such as Peziza tuberosa. See ergot, 2.
- n. In zoology, one of the peculiar quiescent cysts or hypnocysts of Mycetozoa, not giving rise to spores.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. compact usually dark-colored mass of hardened mycelium constituting a vegetative food-storage body in various true fungi; detaches when mature and can give rise to new growth
- n. form genus of sterile imperfect fungi; many form sclerotia; some cause sclerotium disease in plants
New Latin, from Greek sklērotēs, hardness, from sklēros, hard.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)