from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. a refractory crucible used in the assay of metals
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. One who, or that which, scorifies; specifically, a small flat bowl-shaped cup used in the first heating in assaying, to remove the earth and gangue, and to concentrate the gold and silver in a lead button.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In assaying, a small flat dish made of a refractory substance, used in the assay of various ores according to the method called scarification. Such dishes are usually from two to three inches in diameter.
- n. An apparatus used in extracting gold and silver from jewelers' sweepings, and in various other chemical operations.
Sorry, no etymologies found.
The scorification assay is performed in a scorifier, which is a shallow open-mouthed dish about 2-1/2 inches across, with a very thick bottom to enable it to withstand the corrosive action of the slag.
If the button of metal weighs more than 30 grams, its size is reduced by another scorification in the same scorifier, which should have been replaced in the muffle immediately after the contents had been poured out.
It is generally recommended to have the lead granulated,  and to mix the ore with about half of it in the scorifier; then to put on the rest of the lead; and finally to sprinkle the borax or glass on the top.
As soon as the slag has again become tranquil, the scorifier is taken out, and its contents are poured into a mould (fig. 40), the slag is detached, and saved.
When copper is also present, weigh up accurately about 0.5 gram of gold, and place it on the scorifier with the button of nickel and copper arsenide, using borax as before.
In those cases in which the products of the roasting are liquid at the temperature used, a _scorifier_ (fig. 38) is suitable if it is desired to keep the liquid; but if the liquid is best drained off as quickly as it is formed, a _cupel_ (fig. 5) should be used.
The lead buttons should be hammered into discs with rounded edges, and be freed from slag; if too big for a cupel they may be scorified together in a small scorifier, but it is better to cupel them separately.
If the scorifier at the end of an operation is more than usually corroded, the borax should be replaced in subsequent assays on similar ores by powdered glass or quartz.
This may be done by putting it in a just red-hot scorifier heated in a muffle: it very soon attains the right heat and may then be transferred to a cold scorifier; the hot scorifier should be put back into the muffle.
~ -- It is powdered in an iron mortar and transferred to a small Cornish crucible, or (if the roasting is to be done in the muffle) to a roasting dish or scorifier.
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