from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- v. to disgrace or put to shame
- v. to blame
- v. to destroy, to spoil
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- transitive v. To injure, mar, spoil, or harm.
- transitive v. To blame, reproach, or revile; to degrade, disgrace, or put to shame.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- To put to shame; bring reproach, disgrace, or ignominy upon; disgrace.
- To blame; reprove; reproach; scold; revile.
- To injure; harm; spoil; punish.
- To ruin; destroy.
- To defeat; outdo; surpass.
- To forbid.
- To defend; protect.
- To be ruined; go to destruction.
From Middle English shenden, from Old English scendan ("to put to shame, blame, disgrace"), from Proto-Germanic *skandijanan (“to scold, berate”), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kem- (“to cover”). Cognate with Dutch schenden ("to infringe, profane, defile"), German schänden ("defile"), Danish skænde ("defile"), Gothic 𐍃𐌺𐌰𐌽𐌳𐌰 (skanda, "shame"). Related to Old English scand ("infamy, shame, scandal"). More at shame. (Wiktionary)