from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A slaughterer; a Jewish butcher who is learned in the rabbinical laws of slaughtering animals. His duty is to slaughter the animal according to the law prescribed in Hilchoth sh'h˙itah (rules for slaughtering) and examine the vital parts of the viscera. No meat is considered ‘kosher’ without the shohet's sanction.
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He was America's first shohet (kosher butcher) and was a founder of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad.
In many instances whole Jewish communities were transplanted, including the rabbi and shohet [person officially licensed by rabbinic authority to slaughter meat in accordance with Jewish dietary laws].
In a small town in Russia, for example, the rabbi was the leader, and everyone went to the same shohet.
Another, Dov Behr Manischewitz, hearing of the huge center of Reform Judaism in Cincinnati, decided to settle there as a shohet.
Her father, Hersh Kaufman Rabinsohn, was a ritual slaughterer (shohet) and synagogue functionary, her mother Sarah, a small-time food seller.
Grandfather Eliyahu Japheth was a shohet and a self-educated scholar of Jewish texts, who worked as a commercial agent for one wealthy Jewish family and taught Hebrew to the sons of another.
After 1857, when Celia Moss married a local shohet, Edward Levetus, and moved to Birmingham, Hartog ran the schools herself.
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