Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. The 12 loaves of blessed unleavened bread placed in the sanctuary of the Tabernacle every Sabbath by the Hebrew priests of ancient Israel as an offering.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. The twelve loaves of bread placed daily by the Jewish priests in the Holy Place on the table.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. Bread of exhibition; loaves to set before God; -- the term used in translating the various phrases used in the Hebrew and Greek to designate the loaves of bread which the priest of the week placed before the Lord on the golden table in the sanctuary. They were made of fine flour unleavened, and were changed every Sabbath. The loaves, twelve in number, represented the twelve tribes of Israel. They were to be eaten by the priests only, and in the Holy Place.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. Among the ancient Jews, the bread which was placed every Sabbath before Jehovah on the table of shittim-wood overlaid with gold, set in the holy place, on the north side of the altar of incense.

Etymologies

Translation of German Schaubrot (Schau, sight, show + Brot, bread), translation of Greek artoi enōpioi (artoi, pl. of artos, loaf of bread + enōpioi, pl. of enōpios, facing), translation of Hebrew leḥem pānîm (leḥem, bread + pānîm, divine presence).
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)

Examples

  • How he went into the house of God in the days of Abi'athar the high priest, and did eat the showbread, which is not lawful to eat but for the priests, Lev.

    Mark 2.

  • How he went into the house of God in the days of Abiathar the high priest, and did eat the showbread, which is not lawful to eat but for the priests, and gave also to them which were with him?

    From the Talmud and Hebraica

  • 26 How he went into the house of God in the days of Abiathar the high priest, and did eat the showbread, which is not lawful to eat but for the priests, and gave also to them which were with him?

    Commentary on the Whole Bible Volume V (Matthew to John)

  • The Israelites, many centuries ago, kept a representation of this bread upon the table connected with their altar of worship; and they called it "showbread," because it showed something to come.

    Life and Labors of Elder John Kline, the Martyr Missionary Collated from his Diary by Benjamin Funk

  • They would go past the outer court and the brazen altar and the brazen laver and into the Most Holy Place, where the table of showbread and the golden candlestick stood, as well as the altar of incense, which represented the prayers of the saints.

    FROM THE CROSS TO PENTECOST

  • There was a golden altar, a golden table on which the showbread the bread of the Presence was kept, gold basins, gold lampstands, and much more.

    Saints & Scoundrels of the Bible

  • But he said unto them, Have ye not read what David did, when he was ahungered, and they that were with him; how he entered into the house of God, and did eat the showbread, 1 Sam.

    Matthew 12.

  • Then they went in to Hezeki'ah the king, and said, We have cleansed all the house of the LORD, and the altar of burnt offering, with all the vessels thereof, and the showbread table, with all the vessels thereof.

    2 Chronicles 29.

  • And other of their brethren, of the sons of the Ko'hathites, were over the showbread, to prepare it every sabbath.

    1 Chronicles 9.

  • For there was a tabernacle made; Ex. 26. 1-30 the first, wherein was the candlestick, Ex. 25. 31-40 and the table, and the showbread; Ex. 25. 23-30 which is called the sanctuary.

    Hebrews 9.

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