American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A bitter, poisonous, liquid alkaloid, C15H26N2, obtained from the broom Cytisus scoparius or the lupin Lupinus luteus, whose sulfate has been used in medicine as a heart stimulant and as a way of inducing contraction of the uterus during labor.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A liquid alkaloid (C15H26N2) obtained from the common broom, Cytisus (Spartium) scoparius. In small doses (.02 to.05 gram) it stimulates the action of the vagus, and is used medicinally in the form of the sulphate in place of digitalis; it acts more quickly than the latter drug, but not as powerfully.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Chem.) A narcotic alkaloid extracted from the tops of the common broom (Cytisus scoparius, formerly Spartium scoparium), as a colorless oily liquid of aniline-like odor and very bitter taste.
- New Latin Spartium, broom genus (from Latin spartum, a kind of broom, from Greek sparton) + -ine2. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“He returned to the lab and cooked up a brew consisting of some exotic poisons: atropine (a naturally occurring alkaloid of atropia belladonna or deadly nightshade), sparteine (a compound derived from the European shrub Scotch broom, Cytisus scoparius), and pilocarpine hydrochloride (an alkaloid found in the leaves of a South American shrub, Pilocarpus jaborandi).”
“Thus, it would active by the debrisoquine-sparteine oxidative not be a surprise if race gives rise to fewer differ - pathway.”
“In this study, when dosage was When PK differences were ﬁ rst reported in adjusted upwards to equilibrate to Caucasian the literature, they usually involved the genetic therapeutic blood levels, a greater response was polymorphisms of acetylation, the debrisoquine - noted in the Chinese subjects (lower blood pressure sparteine and mephenytoin pathways, the second and pulse rate) (Zhou et al.,”
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