Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A genus of bivalves, representing the family Spondylidæ, formerly referred to the Ostræidæ or Pectinidæ. They are remarkable for the character of their spines and the richness of their coloring. Some are known as thorn-oysters, spring-oysters, and water-clams.
- n. An oyster of this genus.
- n. A vertebra.
“Tiny figures in copper and gold, llamas shaped from spondylus shell and delicately woven sandals — all wrapped in offering bundles and surrounded by clay bowls and wooden tools.”
“When the Incas ruled the Ecuadorian highlands, this area was occupied by the Mantena tribe, and was the centre of a trading network that stretched north to Mexico, using spondylus shells, which were worth more than gold, as currency.”
“Nearby were 35 little statues, made of gold, silver and spondylus (sea) shells; bundles of ornate alpaca textiles, and even sandals.”
“Included in the caches were ceramic vessels, spondylus shells, and jade figurines.”
“Their principal markets for spondylus were the Andean high cultures, where the shell was a profoundly sacred and necessary religious commodity.”
“The traders may have needed to augment their most lucrative stock, spondylus shells.”
“Seven more artifacts -- a six-inch-tall silver female statuette wrapped in textiles; one silver and one gold male statuette; a female figurine and a llama carved out of spondylus shell; and one gold and one silver llama -- were discovered in a cache on a nearby platform.”
“Several small female figurines in gold, silver, tumbaga (a gold and copper alloy), and spondylus shell were found near the mummy.”
“The 2. 5-inch spondylus shell and 6. 25-inch gold figurines were clad in miniature multicolored garments and headdresses, while a 3. 5-inch silver figurine wore all white.”
“All 3-dimensional artists are invited to sell and showcase their art of spondylus jewelry, or spondylus shell.”
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