from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- adj. Belonging to or designating a class of verbs that express a state or condition.
- n. A verb of the stative class.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- adj. asserting that a subject has a particular property
- adj. Of or relating to a fixed camp, or military posts or quarters.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- adj. Of or pertaining to a fixed camp, or military posts or quarters.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Pertaining to a fixed camp or military post or quarters.
- In Hebrew grammar, indicating a physical state, or mental, intransitive, or reflexive action: said of certain verbs.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- adj. ( used of verbs (e.g. `be' or `own') and most participial adjectives) expressing existence or a state rather than an action
The development of reduplicated perfects with built in punctual meaning directly out of a "stative" requires the brunt of explanation.
Also, the use of the continuous can change what we might normally think of as a stative verb into a dynamic one, with consequent change in meaning.
I know that the moment stative verbs crop up as a theme in a lesson, this example will be thrown at me.
One nearly always prefixes single-syllable stative verbs with a 很 or 挺 （in Mandarin - Cantonese uses 好 almost exclusively.
Is an active-stative or subjective-objective system more appropriate for earliest Common Proto-IE
There is a group of verbs, moreover, that have two lexical roots, both referring to the same verbal concept, yet one representing its active aspect, and one representing its stative aspect.
The problem is that the first pair she lists is *h₁es- 'to be' & *bʰeuh₂- 'to become' and if it's true that one is "active" and one is "stative" in a system where the active verbs are supposed to be marked by the *mi-set of pronominal endings and the stative verbs are marked by the *h₂e-set, then she and other Indoeuropeanists appear to have contradicted themselves2.
Is an active-stative or subjective-objective syste...
For instance, concerning the absence of a verb 'to have' in Indo-European, Brigitte Bauer in Archaic Syntax in Indo-European first goes on to explain: Instead, [Proto-IE] had constructions of the type mihi est, which includes a stative verb 'be' [...]
Yet before listing off some examples of active-stative verb pairs, she shares in the same paragraph: In addition, Indo-European languages display residues of a lexical distinction between active and stative verbs.
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