from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. The science of measuring the volume of solids or solid bodies.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. The art of measuring and computing the cubical contents of bodies and figures; -- distinguished from planimetry.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The art of measuring volumes.
- n. The metrical geometry of solids.
- n. The art or process of determining the specific gravity of liquids, porous bodies, powders, etc.
Note 183: According to the Oxford English Dictionary, stereometry is "the art or science of measuring solids," whereas stereotomy is "the art of cutting stones or other solid bodies into measured forms, as in masonry."
Although Pacioli was fascinated with such processes of mathematical and geometrical embodiment as stereometry and stereotomy,183 the friar's interest in the divine proportion (or "golden mean") did not center on its instrumentalization. 184 An instructor of theology, Pacioli was less concerned with translating the divine into the worldly than with transporting human intellect — by way of the senses — to contemplate mysteries beyond human comprehension.
First Plato identifies a group of five rather than four sciences and decries the neglect of his proposed fifth science, stereometry (solid geometry), with a probable allusion to Archytas
This occurs in the case of problems related to one another as subordinate and superior, as when optical problems are subordinated to geometry, mechanical problems to stereometry, harmonic problems to arithmetic, the data of observation to astronomy.
So much easier were math (of which there was surprisingly much: algebra, analysis, trigonometry, stereometry), physics and chemistry.
I only mention in a cursory way the logarithmic spiral of the spider's web, the precise curves realized without instruments of any kind by the Coleoptera and Hymenoptera in cutting leaves, the stereometry of the aphides.
In previous chapters we have seen how K.G. Carus attempted to work out a geometry of the organism, and how Bronn tried in a modest way to found a stereometrical morphology, but had the grace not to push his stereometry _à l'outrance_, recognising very wisely that the greater part of organic form is functionally determined.
(530d), and his discussions of the science of stereometry shortly before this are likely to have some connections to Archytas 'work in solid geometry (528d).
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