Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • Above; over; upon: superimpose.
  • Superior in size, quality, number, or degree: superfine.
  • Exceeding a norm: supersaturate.
  • Excessive in degree or intensity: supersubtle.
  • Containing a specified ingredient in an unusually high proportion: superphosphate.
  • More inclusive than a specified category: superorder.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • above, over, or upon
  • superior in size, quality, number, degree, status, title, or position
  • inclusive
  • Forms terms relating to supersymmetry
  • Related to superheroes.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • A prefix signifying above, over, beyond, and hence often denoting in a superior position, in excess, over and above, in addition, exceedingly; as in superimpose, supersede, supernatural, superabundance.
  • A prefix formerly much used to denote that the ingredient to the name of which it was prefixed was present in a large, or unusually large, proportion as compared with the other ingredients; as in calcium superphosphate. It has been superseded by per-, bi-, di-, acid, etc. (as peroxide, bicarbonate, disulphide, and acid sulphate), which retain the old meanings of super-, but with sharper definition. Cf. Acid, a., Bi-, Di-, and Per-.

Etymologies

Latin, from super, over, above; see uper in Indo-European roots.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From the Latin super (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • "If we were back to a super- majority vote, it's quite possible that the Republicans would have extracted an even more serious amount of cuts or would have extracted pension reform or regulatory relief," said Bruce Cain , a political-science professor at the University of California, Berkeley.

    California Budget Deal Leaves GOP out in Cold

  • My super- talented mother made a Cinderella pumpkin coach as a cake for my seventh birthday.

    Lonna Saunders: Gatsby, Winter Carnival, and Me

  • In the flier for the show, Carol Willis, the museum's curator and director, writes that "to distinguish the rarified air of the super- from the merely very tall, the Museum has made the benchmark 380 meters/1,250 feet—the height of the Empire State Building—rather than the more frequently used measure of 300 meters."

    Heights of Fancy

  • The better question is whether extending a zero cap gains rate to higher-income but not super- high-income households would encourage more investment in the short run.

    Forbes.com: News

  • Here's the thing I've noticed when I've played with senior, and super- senior, golfers who have maintained their games.

    The Globe and Mail - Home RSS feed

  • Known as a super-PAC, such a group isn't limited by campaign finance laws and donation limits, though federal law prohibits coordination between super- PACs and candidates.

    BusinessWeek.com -- Top News

  • The president also will call for long-term cuts beyond the $1.5 trillion that Congress charged a 12-member bipartisan "super- committee" of legislators to trim, the official said.

    BusinessWeek.com -- Top News

  • On the other hand, most of us don’t want constant offerings of super-“healthy” or vegan desserts.

    The Food Matters Cookbook

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