Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- In architecture, having columns which stand somewhat close together; having the intercolumniations rather narrow in proportion to the diameter of the shafts. As usually understood, the systyle intercolumniation measures about two diameters from center to center of the shafts. Compare areosystyle, eustyle, and pycnostyle.
- adj. architecture Having a space equal to two diameters or four modules between two columns; said of a portico or building.
- n. A systyle temple or other edifice.
GNU Webster's 1913
- adj. (Arch.) Having a space equal to two diameters or four modules between two columns; -- said of a portico or building. See intercolumniation.
- Latin systylos, Ancient Greek σύστυλος (sustulos, "with columns standing close") from σύν (sun, "with") + στῦλος (stulos, "column"): compare French systyle. (Wiktionary)
“The systyle is a temple in which the thickness of two columns can be placed in an intercolumniation, and in which the plinths of the bases are equivalent to the distance between two plinths: for example, the temple of Equestrian Fortune near the stone theatre, and the others which are constructed on the same principles.”
“In the eustyle temple, let the height of a column be divided, as in the systyle, into nine and a half parts, and let one part be taken for the thickness at the bottom of the shaft.”
“The columns are then to be distributed over the stylobates in the manner above described: close together in the pycnostyle; in the systyle, diastyle, or eustyle, as they are described and arranged above.”
“In the systyle, let the height be divided into nine and a half parts, and one of these given to the thickness of the column.”
“But if the building is to be systyle and monotriglyphic, let the front of the temple, if tetrastyle, be divided into nineteen and a half parts; if hexastyle, into twenty-nine and a half parts.”
“There are five classes of temples, designated as follows: pycnostyle, with the columns close together; systyle, with the intercolumniations a little wider; diastyle, more open still; araeostyle, farther apart than they ought to be; eustyle, with the intervals apportioned just right.”
Looking for tweets for systyle.