Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The wild horse of Tatary, belonging to one of those races which are by some authorities regarded as original, and not descended from domestic animals. Tarpans are not larger than an ordinary mule, are migratory, and have a tolerably acute sense of smell. Their color is invariably tan or mouse, with black mane and tail. During the cold season their hair is long and soft, lying so close as to feel like a bear's fur, and then it is grizzled; in summer it falls much away, leaving only a quantity on the back and loins. They are sometimes captured by the Tatars, but are reduced to subjection with great difficulty.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Zoöl.) A wild horse found in the region of the Caspian Sea.
- n. European wild horse extinct since the early 20th century
- From the Russian тарпа́н, from Turkic (Kyrgyz or Kazakh) tarpan. (Wiktionary)
“The tarpan, the European wild forest horse Equus caballini gmelini used to live in the forest, became extinct, but was genetically reconstituted and reintroduced.”
“A zone of 272 ha in the southwestern part of the site, the Research Restitution Centre, is used for breeding bison and tarpan horses.”
“Here there are 300 animals, along with the reintroduced tarpan.”
“This death rite is known as Shraddha or tarpan and is considered as an inauspicious ceremony.”
“The last tarpan died in the late 19th century, and while modern breeders have attempted to re-create the original, the only truly wild horse subspecies left on earth is the Przewalski's horse (also called the takh).”
“He brought in konik horses — analogs of the tarpan.”
“In the Netherlands, almost a thousand wild horses bred to resemble the extinct tarpan graze in a 14,000-acre preserve.”
“It could fill the same niche in Europe as the tarpan: Both are short and stocky, with a primitive dorsal stripe.”
“Elephant for the mammoth Cheetah for the New World cheetah Przewalski's horse for the tarpan In one proposal to "rewild" North America, Asian and African elephants would play the ecological role of the now-extinct Columbian mammoth.”
“A zone of 275 ha is used for breeding bison and wild horse of forest tarpan type, in the south-western part of the site.”
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Some extinct animals, prehistoric and 'modern'
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