Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Noting an acid obtained from the bile of the ox. It occurs plentifully in human bile. It is an amorphous solid, but forms crystalline salts. See choleic.
GNU Webster's 1913
- adj. (Physiol. Chem.) Pertaining to, or designating, a conjugate acid (called
taurocholic acid) composed of taurine and cholic acid, present abundantly in human bile and in that of carnivora. It is exceedingly deliquescent, and hence appears generally as a thick, gummy mass, easily soluble in water and alcohol. It has a bitter taste.
- From Ancient Greek ταύρος ("bull") + χολή ("bile") + -ic. (Wiktionary)
“Steroid acids found in bile (i.e. taurocholic and glycocholic acids).”
“It is not unfrequently considered important to test urine for the sodium salts of the conjugate biliary acids, taurocholic and glycocholic.”
“A model gastrointestinal system was used to assess the viability of the strains under conditions of low pH (pH 2.0) and in the presence of two bile salts, oxgall bile salt and taurocholic acid.”
“A disordered liver contributes to the production under different circumstances of an excess of biliary coloring matter which stains the urine; of an excess of hippuric acid and allied products which, being less soluble than urea (the normal product of tissue change), favor the formation of stone, of taurocholic acid, and other bodies that tend when in excess to destroy the blood globules and to cause irritation of the kidneys by the resulting hemoglobin excreted in the urine, and of glycogen too abundant to be burned up in the system, which induces saccharine urine (diabetes).”
“ after a lipid-rich meal (0.6 mM oleic acid, 0.2 mM L-α-lysophosphatidylcholine, 0.05 mM cholesterol, 0.2 mM 2-monooleoylglycerol, 2 mM taurocholic acid).”
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