Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. Surgical removal of part of the ribs to cause the collapse of a diseased lung.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. Surgery of the chest, usually involving removal of ribs.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A remodeling or reshaping of the thorax; especially, the operation of removing the ribs, so as to obliterate the pleural cavity in cases of empyema.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. Removal of a section of one or more ribs for the cure of a fistula of the chest-wall following empyema.

Etymologies

Latin thōrāx, thōrāc-, thorax; see thorax + -plasty.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From thorax +‎ -plasty (Wiktionary)

Examples

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