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With these low temperatures, flow in the tjanting might become obstructed by cooling wax, so there is also a rather big variation in how much wax comes out, and how quickly.
As you can probably imagine, the margin between "too cold" and "too hot" is very slim - so slim that it makes a huge difference whether the tjanting is full or half-empty, even if it is a very small one.
And how did they apply the wax back in the middle ages - is there a medieval European equivalent to the tjanting that was not yet identified, because nobody expects the Spanish Inquisition a wax application tool in a tailoring/silkworking context?
I have recently acquired a tjanting, the Indonesian wax applicator for batik, and I have used that for my last wax application.
It is a bit tricky to get the temperature just right especially when the candle flame used to heat the tjanting is not too cooperative, but it was a lot more convenient than the copper-plate version.
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