American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. Transfer of livestock from one grazing ground to another, as from lowlands to highlands, with the changing of seasons.
- French transhumance, ultimately from Latin trans + humus ‘ground’. (Wiktionary)
- French, from transhumer, to move livestock seasonally, from Spanish trashumar : Latin trāns-, trans- + Latin humus, ground; see dhghem- in Indo-European roots. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“Although rangelands are resilient under traditional mobile grazing practices — commonly called transhumance — in response to seasonal changes, reduced transhumance leads to overgrazing and rangeland degradation.”
“Management strategies include measures to spread the pressures of human activities, such as transhumance (rotational use) of rangelands and well sites, stocking rates matched to the carrying capacity of ecosystems, and diverse species composition.”
“There is a silent 1925 documentary called Grass: A Nation's Battle for Life by Merian C. Cooper, Ernest Schoedsack, and Marguerite Harrison, about an heroic seasonal trek (transhumance) of herds and Bakhtiari herdsmen in Persia.”
“These same mountains remained in the orbit of seasonal transhumance for colonial farmers.”
“However, nomadic cattle herders from the Nyala area of Sudan and from Chad, with between 30-40,000 head, enter the park during the winter as part of their dry season range, in a traditional transhumance.”
“From Harvard VES: "a long-form work depicting the annual transhumance of a band of sheep and their herders with the last grazing permit in the Absaroka-Beartooth mountains.”
“Those known locally as drailles, just wide enough for a pack horse or a trickle of sheep, were for transhumance: leading the animals to the summer pastures high on the mountain, and back to the shelter of the valleys for winter.”
“For example, a key traditional adaptation was transhumance for pastoral communities, which in many dryland locations is no longer possible.”
“Neither do peasant families separate for months in the ancient ritual of transhumance, when men and boys would spend much of the year following great herds of sheep across the Italian peninsula, leaving their wives, daughters, and youngest sons behind.”
“Due to the existing transhumance of Graziers and their cattle, especially in the dry season, your permanent farm may become subject to destruction by straying cattle.”
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but now they're not because I looked them up. In cases of polysemy or homography, *of course* it was the oddest meaning that stumped me. ;)
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