American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A disease or infection caused by a trypanosome.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A general term proposed by Salmon and Stiles (1902) to denote any infection of any warm- or cold-blooded animal by any species of the flagellate protozoan family Trypanosomaiidæ. Such are the sleeping-sickness of man in Africa, caused by Trypanosoma gambiense; surra of horses and other animals in India and the Philippines, caused by T. evansi; nagana of horses in Africa, caused by T. brucei; mal-de-caderas of horses in South America, caused by T. equinum; rat trypanosomiasis, caused by T. lewisi. The parasites live in the blood-plasma and destroy the red blood-corpuscles; they are transmitted by insects.
- n. pathology Any of several diseases or infections caused by a trypanosome.
“Local officials in central-eastern Maniema Province said sleeping sickness, a fatal disease transmitted by the tsetse fly and formally known as trypanosomiasis, was on the rise with at least 120 new cases reported in 2001.”
“The disease, properly called trypanosomiasis (trip'uh-noh-soh-my'uh-sis), is commonly called "African sleeping sickness.”
“One of the worst scourges of Africa and one that is to-day attracting world-wide attention is the disease known as trypanosomiasis, the terminal phase of which is sleeping sickness, one of the most ghastly diseases that we know.”
“Sleeping sickness: Also known as trypanosomiasis, this disease affects people and animals.”
“Dr. Grace Murilla is the Kenyan principal investigator with a University of North Carolina-led consortium developing drugs to treat parasitic diseases such as trypanosomiasis, or sleeping sickness.”
“Around 300,000 people in Africa are thought to have sleeping sickness, also known as African trypanosomiasis which is fatal unless treated.”
“Some are raised even in areas where domestic cattle cannot survive because of afflictions such as trypanosomiasis and foot-and-mouth disease.”
“Sleeping sickness, or human African trypanosomiasis, debilitates before it kills.”
“Other animals are able to remain fit and healthy despite the presence of trypanosomiasis.”
“Scientists at the International Livestock Research Institute in Nairobi, Kenya have been working on the cattle equivalent of the disease trypanosomiasis.”
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