American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. Any of various plants or plant parts used by certain Native American peoples as food, especially the edible root of certain arums or the sclerotium of certain fungi.
- n. See arrow arum.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. [capitalized] An inhabitant of lower Virginia.
- n. The poor land in lower Virginia.
- n. Formerly, either of the plants the Virginia wake-robin, Peltandra undulata (P. Virginica, once Arum Virginicum), and the golden-club, Orontium aquaticum, both aquatics with deep fleshy and starchy rootstocks, which, rendered edible by cooking, were used by the Indians of Virginia as food.
- n. A subterranean fungus, Pachyma Cocos, otherwise known as Indian bread, Indian head, and Indian loaf, found widely in the southern United States. It grows in light loamy soils on old roots as a saprophyte, or perhaps a parasite. Its size, form, and barklike exterior give it the outward appearance of a cocoanut; within it presents a compact white mass without apparent structure. When first taken from the ground, it is moist and yielding; but in drying the white substance becomes very hard, cracking from within. It is entirely tasteless, insoluble in water, without starch, and is composed in large measure of pectose.
- n. Any edible root of a plant used by Native Americans of colonial-era Virginia
- n. uncommon, US A person, especially if poor and malnourished or implied to be, living east of Virginia's Blue Ridge Mountains.
- n. The sclerotium of a fungus, Wolfiporia extensa, used as food and herbal medicine.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Bot.) A curious vegetable production of the Southern Atlantic United States, growing under ground like a truffle and often attaining immense size. The real nature is unknown. Called also
Indian bread, and Indian loaf.
- n. perennial herb of the eastern United States having arrowhead-shaped leaves and an elongate pointed spathe and green berries
- From Powhatan tockawhoughe. The "person" sense implies that such a person was so poor as to be reduced to eating the root. (Wiktionary)
- Of Virginia Algonquian origin. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“Although Peter must have known as well as Ambrose that the latter, because of his position in the car, would be the first to see the electrical towers of the power plant at V____, the halfway point of their trip, he leaned forward and slightly toward the center of the car and pretended to be looking for them through the flat pinewoods and tuckahoe creeks along the highway.”
“Ned said, All that plume grass and tuckahoe and mountain holly.”
“Also, an edible root called _tockwough_ (tuckahoe, a tuberous plant growing in fresh marshes, with a root similar to that of a potato) was gathered, and after the Indian fashion, pounded into a meal from which bread was made.”
“Later on, the women spread a great breakfast of fish and turkey and venison, maize bread, tuckahoe and pohickory.”
“Foods to strengthen the digestive system include spleen-boosting foods such as lotus seeds, fu ling (tuckahoe), yam, jujubes and dang shen (radix codonopsitis).”
“This I Believe Gift Shop salamander john - tuckahoe, New York”
“Let my fathers tarry and my women shall bring them chinquepin cakes and tuckahoe, pohickory and succotash, and my young men -- ”
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