Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A disease of oats, caused by a nematoid worm of the family Anguillulidæ Tylenchus derastatrix, which causes the base of the stem to swell until it somewhat resembles a tulip-bulb.
“He carries a tulip-root in his pocket from one to another, or exchanges a puppy between a couple of friends that live perhaps in the opposite sides of the county.”
“This gentleman, an amateur botanist, happened to see a tulip-root lying in the conservatory of a wealthy Dutchman.”
“He would make a little hole in the tulip-root, would probably kill it, and would certainly obtain a little bit of utterly worthless pulp for himself, and no value at all.”
“These shares sell at 700 pounds apiece; a dozen of them are not worth one Dutch tulip-root.”
“Hybernacula, a new bark annually produced over the old one in trees and in some herbaceous plants, whence their roots seem end-bitten; all bulbous roots perish annually; experiment on a tulip-root; both the leaf-bulbs and the flower-bulbs are annually renewed.”
“A similar process may be seen on dissecting a tulip-root in winter; the leaves, which inclosed the last year's flower-stalk, were not necessary for the flower; but each of these was the father of a new bud, which may be now found at its base; and which, as it adheres to the parent, required no mother.”
“Miss ---- favoured me with the following curious experiment: She took a small tulip-root out of the earth when the green leaves were sufficiently high to show the flower, and placed it in a glass of water; the leaves and flower soon withered and the bulb became wrinkled and soft, but put out one small side bulb and three bulbs beneath descending an inch into the water by long processes from the caudex, the old bulb in some weeks intirely decayed; on dissecting this monster, the middle descending bulb was found by its process to adhere to the caudex and to the old flower-stem, and the side ones were separated from the flower - stem by a few shrivelled coats but adhered to the caudex.”
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