American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. An antibiotic, C23H36N12O8, produced by the actinomycete Streptomyces puniceus, used in the treatment of tuberculosis.
- n. medicine An antibiotic, of complex structure, derived from the actinomycete Streptomyces puniceus
- n. a basic polypeptide antibiotic (trade name Viocin) administered intramuscularly (along with other drugs) in the treatment of tuberculosis
- vio(let) + -mycin (from the color of the soil mold). (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“After that war we found a whole arsenal of new drugs - against tuberculosis, which had really never been treated successfully before-streptomycin, PAS, isoniazid~ viomycin, and so on, right up to Bloch's isolation of the TB toxins and the development of the metabolic blocking agents.”
“Antibiotic viomycin binds to TB ribosome, inhibiting the ability of the bacteria to function.”
“Using technology called X-ray crystallography, Steitzand his team describe where the antibiotics viomycin and capreomycin bind - at a site between the large and small subunits of the ribosome.”
“The structures of the anti-tuberculosis antibiotics viomycin and capreomycin bound to the 70S ribosome”
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