from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A species of bird in the family Rallidae endemic to Lord Howe Island, Australia.
A major research project culminated in the successful captive breeding of Lord Howe Island woodhen in the early to mid-1970s.
Lord Howe Island woodhen Tricholimnas sylvestris, reduced to some 26 individuals in 1975, has been successfully bred in captivity and now numbers around 220.
This stunted, gnarled forest is an important haven for the endemic Lord Howe woodhen (Gallirallus sylvestris), and is used as a breeding ground by Providence petrels (Pterodoma solandri).
The woodhen was reduced to 25 individuals in the 1970s, but an intensive management program has boosted the population to more than 220 individuals.
There are four extant endemic landbirds, including two species and two subspecies: the relatively abundant Lord Howe white-eye (Zosterops tephropleurus), the Lord Howe Island woodhen, Lord Howe Island golden whistler (Pachycephala pectoralis contempta), and the Lord Howe Island currawong (Strepera graculina crissalis).
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