from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- suffix Used to form the past tense of regular verbs: tasted.
- suffix Used to form the past participle of regular verbs: absorbed.
- suffix Having; characterized by; resembling: blackhearted.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- suffix Used to form past tenses of (regular) verbs. In linguistics, it is used for the base form of any past form. See -t for a variant.
- suffix Used to form past participles of (regular) verbs. See -en and -t for variants.
- suffix Used to form adjectives from nouns, in the sense of having the object represented by the noun.
- suffix As an extension of the above, when used along with an adjective preceding the noun, describes something that has an object of a particular quality.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- The termination of the past participle of regular, or weak, verbs; also, of analogous participial adjectives from nouns
Sons of Anarchy creator Kurt Sutter has a few things to say to DirecTV customers who may lose access to Fox cable channels, including FX: "You're getting f---ed over."
"I f---ed too many chicks and did too many drugs, and that's the truth."
A Perez-style scrawl over the image reads: James f---ed up the Oscars.
The general rule in English is that you conjugate the past tense of verbs by adding -ed but there are exceptions.
Just as genes and organisms undergo natural selection, words—specifically, irregular verbs such as “holp” that do not take an -ed ending in the past tense—are subject to powerful pressure to “regularize” as the language develops.
That single extant rule adds an -ed suffix to simple past and past participle forms.
Under these, shall we say, "Heat"-ed circumstances, it's quite possible the ghosts of past playoff failures might end up dancing around in the psyche of LeBrick James.
When adding -ed after the single n, however, the word appears to invite the pronunciation rhyming with “enthroned.”
This isn't 'I cry in my beer cos you f---ed him and ran your truck through my bar.'
"These people f---ed me over," Fortune reports that Bartz said about the board that fired her on Tuesday after about two-and-a-half years on the job.