from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- suffix Used to form plural nouns: letters.
- suffix Used to form the third person singular present tense of all regular and most irregular verbs: looks; holds.
- suffix Used to form adverbs: They were caught unawares. He works nights.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- suffix Used to form regular plurals of nouns.
- suffix Used to form many pluralia tantum (nouns that are almost or entirely without singular forms).
- suffix Used to form the third-person singular indicative present tense of verbs.
- suffix used in the formation of certain English adverbs.
- suffix Possessive in business names.
- suffix Diminutive suffix
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- The suffix used to form the plural of most words; as in roads, elfs, sides, accounts.
- The suffix used to form the third person singular indicative of English verbs; as in falls, tells, sends.
- An adverbial suffix; as in towards, needs, always, -- originally the genitive, possesive, ending. See -'s.
Look at how -s performs multiple roles in Modern English: the English as a Second Language teacher says the word bridge.
English-speakers then absorbed the French word for the game, employing English variations of the French plural eschecs, including chesses and chestes and chesse, before settling on chess, which carries the vestigial -s ending inherited from the French.
Things might have turned out differently for Modern English if the genitive ending for another class of Old English noun had prevailed over the one taking an -s.
No meaning would be lost by letting go of -s in this instance.
A segment called "Jon Stewart F---s Himself with His Own Mouth" on Tuesday night's episode of The Daily Show is a montage of various other stereotyping, impressions and foreign accents that Stewart has performed on the show.
"Angels have been just d---s on the show, but Castiel has been the opposite, so we put him in this position where he'd be forced to have to do these things that he doesn't want to have to do necessarily."
I'm a huge Andre 3000 fan, too, but when he applies flawless diction to the pronouncement, "B---s got the rabies" - that's when the hair on the back of my neck goes up.
I can't believe what my fingers are doing but yes I'm tweeting :-s so here goes...
The rest of them are a somehow less creative form of hockey nicknames, which are generally just variants of the person's last name ending in -s, -ie -y or -er.
With plural -s and third-person verbal -s out of the picture, the -s ending could be reserved for possessives alone: Rachel’s application to Erasmus University.