Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • suffix To cause to be or to become: dramatize.
  • suffix To cause to conform to or resemble: Hellenize.
  • suffix To treat as: idolize.
  • suffix To treat or affect with: anesthetize.
  • suffix To subject to: tyrannize.
  • suffix To treat according to or practice the method of: pasteurize.
  • suffix To become; become like: materialize.
  • suffix To perform, engage in, or produce: botanize.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • suffix Used to form verbs from nouns or adjectives, the verbs having the sense of "to make what is denoted by the noun/adjective".

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • suffix A verb suffix signifying to make, to do, to practice.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. A suffix of Greek origin, forming, from nouns or adjectives, verbs meaning to be or do the thing denoted by the noun or adjective.

Etymologies

Middle English -isen, from Old French -iser, from Late Latin -izāre, from Greek -izein, v. suff.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English -isen ("-ise, -ize"), from Old French -iser ("-ize"), from Latin -izāre ("-ize"), from Ancient Greek -ιζειν (-izein), from Proto-Indo-European *-idj- (verbal suffix). Cognate with Gothic  (-itjan, verbal suffix), Old High German -izzen (verbal suffix), Old English -ettan (verbal suffix). Also see notes. (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • And although Sarah Churchwell's assertion (A neologism thang, innit, 10 May) that the -ize spelling is "much-maligned (in Britain)" may be true in some quarters, it isn't here at Oxford, where -ize remains, as it always has been, the preferred form.

    Letters: The 'ize' have it

Comments

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