from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- Aristotle 384-322 B.C. Greek philosopher. A pupil of Plato, the tutor of Alexander the Great, and the author of works on logic, metaphysics, ethics, natural sciences, politics, and poetics, he profoundly influenced Western thought. In his philosophical system, which led him to criticize what he saw as Plato's metaphysical excesses, theory follows empirical observation and logic, based on the syllogism, is the essential method of rational inquiry.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- proper n. An ancient Greek philosopher (382–322 BC), student of Plato and teacher of Alexander the Great.
- proper n. A male given name.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. one of the greatest of the ancient Athenian philosophers; pupil of Plato; teacher of Alexander the Great (384-322 BC)
Just as ˜Aristotle™ refers to Aristotle, and ˜water™ refers to water, and
For example, when we say that ˜Aristotle may have been run over by a chariot™ we would in effect be saying there is a possible world in which the unique individual who has the property of being Aristotle was run over by a chariot.
The modal argument holds that if ˜Aristotle™ and ˜the teacher of Alexander the Great™ are synonymous, then the following statement would be analytic and necessary: If Aristotle exists, then he is the teacher of Alexander the Great.
If we would understand some of the reasons which induced Plato and Aristotle to write of the state as they did, we can turn to chapter xiv of Grote's _Aristotle_.
ARISTOTLE (384-322 B.C.) When we pass to that third great Athenian teacher, Aristotle, the case is far different.
Aristotle in his time, _The _Ethiques_ of Aristotle_.
Stung to madness by this lively nest of hornets, he avenged himself in a very cowardly manner -- he attacked Aristotle himself! for he set _Aristotle_ with his _heels upwards_ on the school gates at Cambridge, and with
˜Aristotle™ is Aristotle himself (note that this assumes that, by ˜Aristotle™, a particular, as opposed to generic, name is intended ” see Syntax above).
An alternative riff on these ideas which has been widely discussed, but not, so far as I know, published, would be to suppose that there is a rigid property of being Aristotle ” one that only Aristotle could have in any possible world (this property would be completely independent of being named ˜Aristotle™).
Leisure in the sense intended by Aristotle--the Greek word is schole, whence our word "school"--meant the opposite of "downtime."