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  • Family Responsibilities Discrimination is just as illegal as race discrimination, and while FRD claims have increased by 400% in the past decade, most people have probably never heard of it.

    Fighting Caregiver Discrimination

  • Since this case was decided, several plaintiffs have prevailed in FRD claims, with verdicts averaging above $500,000.

    Fighting Caregiver Discrimination

  • While professional women are the most likely to be offered flexible work schedules and paid parental leave, they are also the most likely to have employers who expect a 50-plus-hour work week and 24/7 availability, making FRD a problem across class lines.

    Fighting Caregiver Discrimination

  • Hopefully, as awareness about FRD increases, more employers will take steps to not only offer family-friendly policies, but to also let their employees take advantage of them without recourse.

    Fighting Caregiver Discrimination

  • Part of the reason that FRD flies under the radar is that often employers discriminate without consciously doing so, or with benevolent intent.

    Fighting Caregiver Discrimination

  • Another reason FRD remains unknown is that there is no law called the "Anti FRD Act."

    Fighting Caregiver Discrimination

  • In afternoon trading, shares of FRD were higher, gaining 3.7% today.

    Friedman Digs Deeper, Pulls Out Four More Pennies

  • Although there is no federal statute for FRD, lawyers tend to cobble together existing ones, such as the Family and Medical Leave Act, Title VII, the Pregnancy Discrimination Act, the Equal Pay Act, and the Americans with Disabilities Act, when filing lawsuits.

    Finding Balance

  • (See e.g. Columbia Ins.Co. v Seescandy. com, 185 FRD 573, 578 [ND Cal 1999]), Dendrite Intl.,


  • FRD claims might help expand part-time work opportunities, as well as challenge inflexible work hours and constraints on working from home.

    Finding Balance


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  • FRD (Formerly Restricted Data) is a USA Government security classification level jointly agreed to by the Department of Energy and the Department of Defense for nuclear weapons information that does not require the possession of a "Q" clearance to be accessed. It was developed to accommodate the DoD's need to have some nuclear weapons information accessible to enlisted military personnel whose duration of military service were too short to wait for a full "restricted data" clearance to be obtained. The official federal definition is, "Classified information which has been removed from the Restricted Data category after DOE and the Department of Defense have jointly determined that it relates primarily to the military utilization of atomic weapons, and can be adequately safeguarded as national security information."

    July 12, 2016

  • Sometimes we call these self-defining, explanatory sentences "free-range definitions", or "FRDs" (pronounced "freds").

    Let's Add a Million Missing Words to the Dictionary

    by Erin McKean of Wordnik, on Kickstarter

    September 15, 2015