from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
- proper noun geography the area comprising the
Scandinavianpeninsula, the Kola peninsula, Karelia, Finlandand Denmark.
- proper noun geology the Fennoscandian Shield underlying Norway, Sweden, Finland, and Northern Denmark; the exposed portion of the Baltic Shield.
- proper noun the culture group comprising the
Finnic, Sami, and Scandinaviancultures.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
Add the rest of Finland and you get Fennoscandia, another geographic construct.
These differences notwithstanding, recent modeling indicates that during the next 20 to 30 years the mean annual temperature over northern Fennoscandia is likely to increase by as much as 0.3 to 0.5 ºC per decade .
Downscaled projections for precipitation did not match the global projections for Fennoscandia well.
The observed rate of increase closely matches the projections for warming over Fennoscandia over the next 20 to 30 years that lie in the range of 0.3 to 0.5 ºC per decade (see Chapter 4).
The downscaled temperature scenarios show some of the same characteristics as the regional scenarios for Fennoscandia, including greater warming in winter than in summer and inland compared to the coast.
The spatial resolution of the projections for temperature and precipitation over northern Fennoscandia is very coarse and, consequently, of limited use for projecting local trends in any but the most general terms.
Third, northern Fennoscandia possesses well developed infrastructure and transport and an electronic communication network superior to that in any other region of the circumpolar Arctic at similar latitude.
Sámi reindeer herders have therefore, in the course of the last century, been exposed to climate change events of a magnitude at least as great as – and in some cases much greater than – those currently projected for northern Fennoscandia over the next 20 to 30 years.
These reindeer provide the basis of the livelihood of herders belonging to some 28 different indigenous and other local peoples, from the Sámi of northern Fennoscandia (northern Norway, Sweden, and Finland) and the Kola Peninsula in northwest Russia, who herd approximately 500,000 reindeer, to the Chukchi of the Chukotka Peninsula in the far east .
Radioactive contamination from the explosion at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in 1986 is a major source of contamination in parts of southern Fennoscandia.