from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • adj. Of or relating to Hesse or its inhabitants.
  • n. A native or inhabitant of Hesse.
  • n. A German mercenary in the British army in America during the Revolutionary War.
  • n. A mercenary soldier.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • adj. Of, from or relating to Hesse in Germany.
  • proper n. A native or inhabitant of Hesse.
  • proper n. A mercenary soldier, especially a German one who fought with the British in the American Revolutionary War.
  • n. A boot with a low heel and semi-pointed toe, which became popular, initially among the military, in the 18th century.
  • n. Burlap, jute.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • adj. Of or relating to Hesse, in Germany, or to the Hessians.
  • n. A native or inhabitant of Hesse.
  • n. A mercenary or venal person.
  • n. See Hessian boots and cloth, under Hessian, a.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • Relating or pertaining to Hesse in Germany, or to the Hessians.
  • n. A native or an inhabitant of Hesse in Germany.
  • n. In the United States, as a term of reproach, a mercenary; a military or political hireling: from the employment of Hessian troops as mercenaries by the British government in the American revolution.
  • n. plural A kind of long boots originally worn by Hessian soldiers; Hessian boots.
  • n. plural A kind of coarse cloth, made of hemp, or, in modern times, of a mixture of hemp and jute, and used principally for bagging.
  • n. In mathematics, a functional determinant whose constituents are the second differential coefficients of a quantic, arranged in regular order.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. (19th century) a man's high tasseled boot


Hesse + -ian (Wiktionary)



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