Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • adjective Of or relating to Persia or Iran, or to their peoples, languages, or cultures.
  • noun A native or inhabitant of Persia or Iran.
  • noun Any of the forms of the national language of medieval and modern Iran as written and spoken from about the ninth century AD to modern times, and widely used as a language of culture in Central and South Asia, especially.
  • noun The western dialect of this language that is the national language of modern Iran.
  • noun The eastern dialect of this language spoken in Afghanistan and Pakistan.
  • noun A domestic cat of a large breed originally from the Middle East, having a long flowing coat and a broad head with a snub nose.

from The Century Dictionary.

  • Of or pertaining to Persia, in any of the various limitations of the name.
  • Hence (from the luxury of the ancient Persians)
  • Splendid; magnificent; luxurious; soft.
  • Dama mesopotamica, related to the common fallow-deer.
  • noun A native or an inhabitant of ancient or of modern Persia. The modern Persians are a mixed race, in part descended from the ancient Iranians.
  • noun The language spoken in Persia, a member of the Iranian branch of the Aryan or Indo-European family of languages.
  • noun In architecture, a male figure draped in the ancient Persian manner, and serving in place of a column or pilaster to support an entablature. See atlantes and caryatid.
  • noun A thin, soft, and fine silk used for linings and the like.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • adjective Of or pertaining to Persia, to the Persians, or to their language.
  • adjective the fruit of Rhamnus infectorius, a kind of buckthorn, used for dyeing yellow, and imported chiefly from Trebizond.
  • adjective (Zoöl.) Same as Angora cat, under Angora.
  • adjective (Arch.) columns of which the shaft represents a Persian slave; -- called also Persians. See Atlantes.
  • adjective (Mech.) a drill which is turned by pushing a nut back and forth along a spirally grooved drill holder.
  • adjective (Med.) malignant pustule.
  • adjective See Insect powder, under Insect.
  • adjective See Indian red (a), under Indian.
  • adjective a noria; a tympanum. See Noria.
  • noun A native or inhabitant of Persia.
  • noun The language spoken in Persia.
  • noun A thin silk fabric, used formerly for linings.
  • noun (Arch.) See Persian columns, under Persian, a.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • proper noun A group of very similar languages spoken primarily in Iran, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan.
  • noun A member of the main ethnic group of Iran.
  • noun A domestic cat breed.
  • noun A pastry local to the Thunder Bay region in Canada often compared to either a cinnamon bun or a donut topped with pink icing.
  • noun A breed of sheep prized for its lambs' wool.
  • noun A thin silk fabric, formerly used for linings.
  • adjective Of, from, or pertaining to Persia.
  • adjective Of or pertaining to the Persian people.
  • adjective Of or pertaining to the Persian language.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • adjective of or relating to Iran or its people or language or culture
  • noun a native or inhabitant of Iran
  • noun the language of Persia (Iran) in any of its ancient forms

Etymologies

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Middle English percynne, from Middle French persien, from Italian persiano, from Medieval Latin Persiānus, blend of Latin Persia and Asiānus, from Ancient Greek Περσίς (Persís), from Old Persian 𐎱𐎠𐎼𐎿 (Pārsa, "Persia") (compare modern Persian پارس (Pārs)).

Examples

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