Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • noun The highest judicial and ecclesiastical council of the ancient Jewish nation, composed of from 70 to 72 members.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • noun (Jewish Antiq.) the great council of the Jews, which consisted of seventy members, to whom the high priest was added. It had jurisdiction of religious matters.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • noun historical An assembly of twenty-three judges appointed in every major city in Israel.
  • noun historical The assembly of seventy-one judges sitting in Jerusalem.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • noun the supreme judicial and ecclesiastical council of ancient Jerusalem

Etymologies

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

[Hebrew sanhedrîn, from Greek sunedrion, council, from sunedros, sitting in council : sun-, syn- + hedrā, seat; see sed- in Indo-European roots.]

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

Hebrew סַנְהֶדְרִין‎ (sanhedrín, "Sanhedrin"), from Ancient Greek συνέδριον (synedrion, "sitting together, hence assembly or council").

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