Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. The superior of a convent.
  • n. Used as a title for such a person.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A female superior or governess of a nunnery, or convent of nuns, having the same authority over the nuns which the abbots have over the monks. See abbey.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. A female superior of a convent of nuns, regularly in the same religious orders in which the monks are governed by an abbot; also, a superior of canonesses.
  • n. A title retained in Hanover, Würtemberg, Brunswick, and Schleswig-Holstein by the lady superiors of the Protestant seminaries and sisterhoods to which the property of certain convents was transferred at the Reformation.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. the superior of a group of nuns

Etymologies

Middle English abesse, from Old French, from Late Latin abbātissa, from abbās, abbāt-, abbot; see abbot.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)

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