from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.
- noun The superior of a monastery.
- noun Used as a title for such a person.
from The Century Dictionary.
- noun Literally, father: a title originally given to any monk, but afterward limited to the head or superior of a monastery.
- noun In later usage, loosely applied to the holder of one of certain non-monastic offices.
- noun A title retained in Hanover, Würtemberg, Brunswick, and Schleswig-Holstein by the heads of certain Protestant institutions to which the property of various abbeys was transferred at the Reformation. See
- noun The chief magistrate of the Genoese in Galata.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.
- noun The superior or head of an abbey.
- noun One of a class of bishops whose sees were formerly abbeys.
- noun a title formerly given to one of the chief magistrates in Genoa.
- noun in mediæval times, the master of revels, as at Christmas; in Scotland called the
Abbot of Unreason.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
- noun A
laymanwho received the abbey's revenues, after the closing of the monasteries.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- noun the superior of an abbey of monks
from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
Our Lady's Chapel has a bold kind of portal, and several ceilings of chapels, and tribunes in a beautiful taste: but of all delight, is what they call the abbot's cloister.
Address by the abbot of Montecassino (who, as territorial abbot, is also the ordinary of Cassino):
The word abbot — abbas in Latin and Greek, abba in Chaldee and Syriac — came from the Hebrew ab, meaning father.
When, therefore, any one shall receive the name of abbot, he ought to rule his disciples with a twofold teaching: that is, he should first show them in deeds rather than words all that is good and holy.
The bishops of Kildare were frequently called abbot-bishops and bishops of Leinster down to the Synod of Kells.
Placidi ", purporting to be written by one Gordianus, a servant of the saint, on the strength of which he is usually described as abbot and martyr, is really the work of Peter the Deacon, a monk of Monte Cassino in the twelfth century (see Delehaye, op.cit. infra).
“Why, well,” said the youth, “if the abbot is a man of respectability becoming his vocation, and not one of those swaggering churchmen, who stretch out the sword, and bear themselves like rank soldiers in these troublous times.”
Obedience to the abbot is the most obvious form of this, but that obedience itself refers to the life and health of the whole community, since the abbot exercises discipline only in that context, and is ultimately accountable in those terms.
Except on one point: all of them agreed that the knight who had first defied the abbot was a Nordic wolfman of some sort.
Our parents were taken from us when we were young, and after that the abbot was our father, and the monks were our family.