from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.
- adjective Depending on alms for a living; practicing begging.
- adjective Of or relating to religious orders whose members are forbidden to own property individually or in common and must work or beg for their livings.
- noun A beggar.
- noun A member of a mendicant order.
from The Century Dictionary.
- Begging; reduced to a condition of beggary
- Practising beggary; living by alms or doles: as, a mendicant friar. See
- noun A beggar; one who lives by asking alms; especially, a member of a begging order or fraternity; a begging friar.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.
- noun A beggar; esp., one who makes a business of begging; specifically, a begging friar.
- adjective Practicing beggary; begging; living on alms.
- adjective (R. C. Ch.) certain monastic orders which are forbidden to acquire landed property and are required to be supported by alms, esp. the Franciscans, the Dominicans, the Carmelites, and the Augustinians.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
- adjective Depending on
almsfor a living.
- adjective Of or pertaining to a
- adjective Of or pertaining to a member of a
religiousorder forbidden to own property, and who must begfor a living.
- noun A
pauperwho lives by begging.
- noun A
religious friarforbidden to own personal propertywho begs for a living.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- adjective practicing beggary
- noun a pauper who lives by begging
- noun a male member of a religious order that originally relied solely on alms
from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
Historically, orders of friars could not own property, and individual friars were beggars hence the term mendicant, although this was changed insofar as the orders were concerned by the Council of Trent.
What I did not know until tonight, whilst reading Downloading Midnight by William Browning Spencer (a so-far excellent cyberpunk novelette) was that mendicant is a real word and not a made-up construct.
That person would merely be known as a mendicant monk or bhikshu.
One is not to be called a mendicant for his having only renounced his possessions, or for his having only adopted a life of dependence on eleemosynary charity.
This was a very serious calamity to the Dominicans, for as they, like the Franciscans, belonged to what were known as the mendicant orders, and depended for their daily bread upon what they could beg, they were reduced to extremity.
jesse smith - a mendicant is a beggar. the buddhist may be a special case in that he does it silently and has a spiffy name for goodwill, but he is doing the same thing.
Just to be clear, the link for the word "mendicant" seem to equate it with "begging".
Many shopkeepers seem to regard the customer as a kind of mendicant and to feel that they are conferring a favour on him by selling him anything.
This kind of mendicant is distinctly rural, and belongs to old times.
They saw him slouch for'ard after breakfast, and, like a mendicant, with outstretched palm, accost a sailor.