from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.
- noun A judge or justice of a local or inferior court; a justice of the peace.
- noun A judge in a court having jurisdiction over the trial of misdemeanors and preliminary hearings involving felonies.
- noun A public official with the chief administrative power in a district or region.
from The Century Dictionary.
- noun Magistracy.
- noun An administrator of the law; one who possesses jurisdiction or executive authority in matters of civil government; an executive or judicial officer holding the power of decision and disposal in regard to subjects within his cognizance: as, a king is the first magistrate of a monarchy; in the United States the President is often called the chief magistrate; the magistrates of a state or city; civil or judicial magistrates.
- noun Specifically, a minor judicial officer; a justice of the peace, or a police justice; in Scotland, a provost or a bailie of a burgh: as, to be brought before the bar of the local magistrate.
- noun In the New Testament, a Roman military governor or pretor.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.
- noun A person clothed with power as a public civil officer; a public civil officer invested with the executive government, or some branch of it.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
- noun law A
judicial officerwith limited authority to administer and enforce the law. A magistrate's court may have jurisdiction in civilor criminalcases, or both.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- noun a lay judge or civil authority who administers the law (especially one who conducts a court dealing with minor offenses)
from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
To say the _magistrate_ has this right, is using an inadequate word: it is the _society_ for which the magistrate is agent.
Some critics denounced the idea of calling magistrates regional or district court judges, but in most Commonwealth countries the term magistrate referred to a lay judicial official.
The administration of public justice by the magistrate is an ordinance of God; in it the scales are held, and ought to be held by a steady and impartial hand; and we ought to submit to it, for the Lord's sake, and to see his authority in that of the magistrate, Rom. xiii.
In this work the magistrate is the minister of God, v. 4.
"Generally, in Commonwealth countries, of which we are a member state, the term magistrate is used to refer only to lay judicial officers.
If a magistrate believes that the Constitution requires a limit on the warrant, then the magistrate is bound by oath to impose it.
Martinned: Yes, the indicting magistrate is on the left, but according to the Economist the complainants are members of far right organizations with a vested interest in avoiding digging into the past (figuratively and literally).
Yes, the indicting magistrate is on the left, but according to the Economist the complainants are members of far right organizations with a vested interest in avoiding digging into the past (figuratively and literally).
Oldest by far was Judge Dee, the Chinese magistrate from the 600s, who appeared in print for the first time in 1952.
Ironically, the district attorney could have kept charges in magistrate court pending while they went to grand jury.