Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. The third syllable from the end in a word, such as te in antepenult.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. The third-to-last syllable of a word.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. The last syllable of a word except two, as -syl- in monosyllable.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. A shortened and very common form of antepenultima.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. the 3rd syllable of a word counting back from the end

Etymologies

Short for Late Latin antepaenultima, from feminine of antepaenultimus, antepenultimate; see antepenultimate.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
ante- +‎ penult (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • But if the syllable still remains short after the enclitic has been added, it is not accented unless the word originally took the accent on the antepenult.

    New Latin Grammar

  • Words of more than two syllables are accented upon the penult (next to the last) if that is a long syllable, otherwise upon the antepenult (second from the last); as, amā´vī, amántis, míserum.

    New Latin Grammar

  • Somehow the noun rekhebh is usually a collective singular, whereas parashim (with long "a" in the antepenult) is not governed by such usage.

    Exposition of Genesis: Volume 1

  • Unfortunately the music of the chorus was moulded on the Italian text, and each verse ended with the accent on the antepenult, which occurs frequently in German and Italian, but never in French.

    Musical Memories

  • The tone accent in Hebrew words is ordinarily on the last syllable; sometimes it falls on the penult, but never on the antepenult.

    The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume 7: Gregory XII-Infallability

  • If the penult is short, the antepenult is accented provided it be long: Sansthā́naka.

    The Little Clay Cart Mrcchakatika

  • If both penult and antepenult of a four-syllabled word are short, the pre-antepenultimate receives the accent: Mádanikā, Sthā́varaka.

    The Little Clay Cart Mrcchakatika

  • The accent must fall on the penult, if it was long, otherwise on the antepenult of the word.

    The Common People of Ancient Rome Studies of Roman Life and Literature

  • Italian text, and each verse ended with the accent on the antepenult, which occurs frequently in German and Italian, but never in French.

    Musical Memories

  • Words in ion have the accent upon the antepenult, as salvátion, perturbátion, concóction; words in atour or ator on the penult, as dedicátor.

    A Grammar of the English Tongue

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