Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. Total or partial collapse of the lung.
  • n. A congenital condition characterized by the incomplete expansion of the lungs at birth.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. The collapse of a part of or the whole lung caused by inner factors rather than a pneumothorax.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. Imperfect dilatation, especially of the air-cells of the lungs of newly born children.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. collapse of an expanded lung (especially in infants); also failure of pulmonary alveoli to expand at birth

Etymologies

New Latin : Greek atelēs, incomplete (a-, not; see a-1 + telos, end; see telo-) + Greek ektasis, stretching out (from ekteinein, to stretch out : ek-, out; see ecto- + teinein, to stretch; see epitasis).
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Greek ἀτελής 'incomplete' + ἔκτασις 'extension', from ἔκτείνειν 'extend', from ἐξ 'out' + τείνειν 'stretch'. (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • The thought here is that those patients with more edema might benefit more from higher PEEP.Interestingly, in some patients PEEP seems to cause harmful overdistention without eliminating the atelectasis.

    Archive 2008-02-01

  • Too high a tidal volume or a pressure and we risk various forms of barotrauma and too little of either seems to be associated with atelectasis ,blood shunting and another form of ventilator induced lung damage from forces related to opening and closing of gas exchange units.

    Archive 2008-02-01

  • With the now commonplace use of low tidal volumes one would expect more micro-atelectasis and it seems reasonable that higher PEEP might be needed to mitigate that tendency.

    Archive 2008-02-01

  • Obstructive foreign bodies cause atelectasis, drowned lung, and eventually pulmonary abscess.

    Bronchoscopy and Esophagoscopy A Manual of Peroral Endoscopy and Laryngeal Surgery

  • When a bronchus is completely obstructed by the bulk of the foreign body itself immediate removal is urgently demanded to prevent serious lung changes, resulting from atelectasis and want of drainage.

    Bronchoscopy and Esophagoscopy A Manual of Peroral Endoscopy and Laryngeal Surgery

  • An atelectasis here exists; the air imprisoned in the lung is soon absorbed, and secretions rapidly accumulate.

    Bronchoscopy and Esophagoscopy A Manual of Peroral Endoscopy and Laryngeal Surgery

  • -- Radiograph showing pathology resulting from complete obstruction of a bronchus with atelectasis and drowned lung resulting.

    Bronchoscopy and Esophagoscopy A Manual of Peroral Endoscopy and Laryngeal Surgery

  • The most common adverse reactions in patients treated with OFIRMEV were nausea, vomiting, headache, and insomnia in adult patients and nausea, vomiting, constipation, pruritus, agitation, and atelectasis in pediatric patients.

  • Formation of atelectasis and inadequate oxygenation with very low tidal volumes may be important factors.

    BioMed Central - Latest articles

  • UStream "Office Hours" with Duke's Randy Jirtle today at noon EST The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks by Rebecca Skloot: NOT just for scientists MuscleMaster. com "voluntarily" recalls 17 steroid-laden dietary supplements MuscleMaster. com "voluntarily" recalls 17 steroid-laden dietary supplements Due to illness (mine: pneumonia, subsegmental atelectasis), I'm going to take off from blogging for a week or so.

    ScienceBlogs Channel : Life Science

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