from The Century Dictionary.

  • noun The state or quality of being backward.
  • noun Bashfulness; shyness.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • noun The state of being backward.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • noun The state of being backward.
  • noun reluctance.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • noun lack of normal development of intellectual capacities


from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

backward +‎ -ness


  • A well delineated picture of conflict between widely disparate civilizations, with a reminder that backwardness is not the same as stupidity.

    Ian McDonald, Non-Fiction Writer

  • I quote it in there, in which he says that the main reason he says for our backwardness in 1868 -- the word backwardness was still permitted.

    What Went Wrong?: Western Impact and Middle Eastern Response

  • Thus, these bodies project the notion of backwardness about Afghanistan in the international community.

    Ellaha Shaheen: False Identity of East in West

  • However, the backwardness of the productive forces persists, that is, the backwardness in work productivity.


  • You will recall the backwardness in our sports, the lack of participation by the people, the lack of sports centers, the lack of coaches, and how in these short years we have begun to achieve real triumphs.


  • His backwardness was a sore trial to his father, who was desirous that his son should enter the ministry; but as the young Linnæus showed no liking for that calling, and as he had acquitted himself well in his study of physiology, his father at last decided to allow him to take up the study of medicine.

    A History of Science: in Five Volumes. Volume II: The Beginnings of Modern Science

  • The notification was challenged by the petitioners alleging that the Supreme Court in 2006, in a case concerning M Nagraj, has held that prior to giving any SC or ST candidate benefits in promotion due to his caste, the state government would in case of each officer ascertain three mandatory things namely the backwardness of the candidate, inadequate representation of his caste in service, and that such promotion would not cause any effect on the overall efficiency of the general administration.

    The Times of India

  • - as long as morals and commitment to them are called backwardness, and immorality, lies, deceit and selfishness are considered desirable, and humans are limited to a materialistic life in this world,

    Mathaba Highlights Briefing

  • It is one in which the burqa symbolizes the domination of Muslim men over their women, and the general "backwardness" of the Islamic faith.

    Anushay Hossain: Making The Burqa Sexy: A New Frontier In Advertising?

  • To Khodges: I agree that a more substantial ad would have been to connect McCain's "backwardness" with the US losing its global edge.

    New Ads: Obama Presses "Change"; McCain Spot Says Obama's "Star Is Fading"


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