Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • noun The systematic and widespread extermination or attempted extermination of a national, racial, religious, or ethnic group.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • noun The systematic killing of a racial or cultural group.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • noun The systematic killing of substantial numbers of people on the basis of ethnicity, religion, political opinion, social status, or other particularity.
  • noun Acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or a significant portion of, a national, ethnic, racial or religious group.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • noun systematic killing of a racial or cultural group

Etymologies

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

[Greek genos, race; see genə- in Indo-European roots + –cide.]

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

Coined in 1943 by Raphael Lemkin (1900–1959), a Polish-Jewish legal scholar, to describe what the Turkish government (ca 1915–18) perpetrated against the Armenian people, now called the Armenian Genocide. From the stem of Ancient Greek γένος (génos, "race, kind") or Latin gēns ("tribe, clan") (as in genus), +‎ -cide (“killing, killer”).

Examples

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