from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. an evil or wrongdoing.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. An evil. See mala.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In law, an evil.
- n. In pathology, a disease.
- n. Inflammation of the sclera in the aged.
- n. A chronic destructive disease of one of the larger joints, usually the hip, which occurs in advanced life.
When Jerome translated the Hebrew description of Eden's "good and evil" fruit, he chose the Latin word malum, which, according to biblical archaeologist Schneir Levin, was intended to mean something similar to "malicious."
The Latin word malum means both apple and evil, which may be the origin of the apple symbol.
Puschmann says: "The accounts given of intermittent fever, pneumonia, phthisis, psoriasis, lupus, which they called the malum mortuum, of ulcers on the sexual organs, among which it is easy to recognize chancre, and of the disturbances of the mental faculties, especially deserve mention."
By what ancient intuition does the Latin word "malum" mean both
The phrase from traditional moral theology so translated is intrinsece malum, which is often used in magisterial documents.
These are the acts which, in the Church's moral tradition, have been termed "intrinsically evil" (intrinsece malum): they are such always and per se, in other words, on account of their very object, and quite apart from the ulterior intentions of the one acting and the circumstances.
That points out, I think, a problem with malum prohibitum firearms laws.
While the Latin malum covered both phenomena equally, its common English translation, “evil,” elsewhere is generally used to refer to the things that humans undertake to do against one another; the natural catastrophes that afflict us should probably be called by some other name, something like “adversity” or “misfortune.”
When you compare a “rolling stop” at a stop sign to illegal immigration you ignore the difference between malum in se and malum prohibitum.
They were considered unhealthy, poisonous even – in fact, the Italian name, melanzana, comes from Latin malum insanum, or crazy fruit.