from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. Curtain-government, that is, the government or council of the former shoguns of Japan: so called in allusion to the curtain used in time of war to screen off that part of the camp occupied by the general or shogun. See shogun.


Sorry, no etymologies found.


  • It was only when the bakufu was gone that the shishi could evaluate the response to the new influx of Westerners on its own merits.

    Successful Sakoku?

  • Serious political choices were made in the mid-19th century based on arguments of ‘my family was on the winning/losing side at Sekigahara and I therefore owe the Tokugawa bakufu loyalty for the reward we recieved/enmity for the reduction in my families fortunes.’

    Successful Sakoku?

  • The bakufu engaged in the second Chsh expedition to punish it for extremist activities.

    1866, June 25

  • Mongol envoys sent to Japan in 1275 and 1280 were summarily executed, and the bakufu hastily prepared defensive works in western Japan.


  • Military preparations against the Mongols seriously taxed the nation's resources, and after the two invasions the bakufu, lacking land confiscated from the enemy, was without its usual means of rewarding its vassals for their efforts.


  • The Zen sect enjoyed the official patronage of the Kamakura bakufu and the special favor of the warrior class in general.

    b. Major Events

  • Ashikaga Takauji (1305–58), one of the two chief generals dispatched by the Hj from eastern Japan, deserted to support Godaigo, and the sudden capture of Kamakura by another prominent Hj vassal, Nitta Yoshisada (1301–38), brought the Kamakura bakufu to an end.


  • Impartial administration of justice characterized the rule of the Kamakura bakufu and was one of the chief reasons for its long duration.

    b. Major Events

  • The Mongol invasions no doubt spurred on Japan's nascent national consciousness and also contributed greatly to the final collapse of the Kamakura bakufu.


  • Minamoto no Yoritomo, as the effective military dictator, organized the new bakufu with the aid of Kyoto scholars like e Hiromoto (1148–1225).

    b. Major Events


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  • walirlan, what is the problem here? It's not English. Whether it qualifies as English loanword from Japanese, or just a transliteration into the Latin alphabet of a Japanese historical term, there is nothing objectively wrong with the word.

    August 19, 2013

  • August 16, 2013