from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. The use of biological agents, such as bacteria or plants, to remove or neutralize contaminants, as in polluted soil or water.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. The use of biological organisms, usually microorganisms, to remove contaminants, especially from polluted water
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. the branch of biotechnology that uses biological processes to overcome environmental problems.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. the branch of biotechnology that uses biological process to overcome environmental problems
- n. the act of treating waste or pollutants by the use of microorganisms (as bacteria) that can break down the undesirable substances
Botto said he hopes the same process, called bioremediation, could help protect the Gulf coastline.
BP has a team set up to evaluate different proposals around chemical solutions or bioremediation, which is using natural microorganisms that can digest oil to speed up natural processes.
Using bacteria to clean up an oil slick is called bioremediation and is practised in many parts of the world.
The process, known as bioremediation, uses microorganisms to break down some toxic hydrocarbons present in crude oil into less harmful compounds.
The reason is simple, says Atlas, a pioneer in the field of "bioremediation," using microbes or other biological tools to clean up environmental messes, such as oil spills.
At the time of the catastrophic 1989 Exxon Valdez spill in Alaska, there were great expectations for modern biotechnology applied to "bioremediation," the biological cleanup of toxic wastes, including oil.
Exxon called Inipol, a "bioremediation" agent, but the Material Safety Data Sheet listed the solvent and human health hazard, 2-butoxyethanol.
In other cases, the company will rely on "bioremediation" – letting oil-eating microbes do the work.
Several major new industries, such as bioremediation and biomimetics, are well established and appear set to increase, while others have a less certain future.
However, microbes are extremely dynamic organisms with many diverse applications such as bioremediation use of microbes to return a contaminated environment to its original state and biofuels.