Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • adjective Moving or directed away from a center or axis.
  • adjective Operated by means of centrifugal force.
  • adjective Physiology Transmitting nerve impulses away from the central nervous system; efferent.
  • adjective Botany Developing or progressing outward from a center or axis, as in a flower cluster in which the oldest flowers are in the center and the youngest flowers are near the edge.
  • adjective Tending or directed away from centralization, as of authority.

from The Century Dictionary.

  • Obtained (as milk or cream) by the *centrifugal method (which see).
  • noun A trade-name for any machine which employs centrifugal force to separate a liquid from a solid or to separate liquids of different specific gravities.
  • Flying off or proceeding from a center; radiating or sent outward from a focus or central point: opposed to centripetal: as, centrifugal force or energy; centrifugal rays or spokes.
  • Operating by radial action; producing effects by centrifugal force: as, a centrifugal filter, pump, or machine. (See phrases below.)
  • In psychology, moving from the brain to the periphery.
  • noun plural Sugars made in a centrifugal machine.
  • noun A drum in a centrifugal machine.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • noun A centrifugal machine.
  • adjective Tending, or causing, to recede from the center.
  • adjective Expanding first at the summit, and later at the base, as a flower cluster.
  • adjective Having the radicle turned toward the sides of the fruit, as some embryos.
  • adjective (Mech.) a force whose direction is from a center.
  • adjective (Physiol.) an impression (motor) sent from a nerve center outwards to a muscle or muscles by which motion is produced.
  • adjective A machine for expelling water or other fluids from moist substances, or for separating liquids of different densities by centrifugal action; a whirling table.
  • adjective a machine in which water or other fluid is lifted and discharged through a pipe by the energy imparted by a wheel or blades revolving in a fixed case. Some of the largest and most powerful pumps are of this kind.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • adjective Tending, or causing, to recede from the center.
  • adjective botany Expanding first at the summit, and later at the base, as a flower cluster.
  • adjective botany Having the radicle turned toward the sides of the fruit, as some embryos.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • adjective conveying information to the muscles from the CNS
  • adjective tending to move away from a center
  • adjective tending away from centralization, as of authority

Etymologies

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

[From New Latin centrifugus : Latin centrum, center; see center + Latin fugere, to flee.]

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Latin centrum ("center") + fugiō ("to flee") +‎ -al.

Examples

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