from The Century Dictionary.
- Supposing the existence of an external world; affirming the real existence of the external world.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.
- adjective (Metaph.) Assuming or positing the actual existence or reality of the physical or external world.
- adjective (Metaph.) those who assume, without attempting to prove, the reality of external objects as corresponding to, and being the ground of, the ideas of which only the mind has direct cognizance.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
Assumingor positingthe actual existenceor realityof the physicalor external world.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
Dynamism the doctrine that the original cosmothetic force was not distinct from, but identical with, the matter out of which the universe was made.
This primitive cosmothetic Monism gradually gave way to a dualistic conception of the origin of the world.
It was developed by Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle, who brought to their description of the world-forming process a higher notion of cosmothetic mind than the pre-Socratic philosophers possessed.
I will not ask whether Reid was a 'natural realist' or a 'cosmothetic idealist,' or what Descartes or Arnauld thought about the question.
a subject or substratum of attributes is unknown and unknowable, is totally different from that of cosmothetic idealism, with which Mr Mill confounds it; [AI] and that a philosopher may without inconsistency accept the former and reject the latter.