from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • adj. Affecting or peculiar to animals of a specific geographic area. Used of a disease.
  • n. An enzootic disease.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. In epidemiology an occurrence of a disease or disorder in a population of non-human animals at the frequency expected in a given time period.
  • adj. Like or having to do with an enzootic
  • adj. Of a disease, prevalent in a given population or area

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • adj. of a disease that is constantly present in an animal community but only occurs in a small number of cases


from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

en-2 + zo(o)- + -otic.


  • The UK pig industry has a new antibiotic in its fight against major respiratory diseases such as enzootic pneumonia, ileitis and swine dysentery.

    FWi - All News

  • Had the difficulty been enzootic, the Vom might have controlled it.


  • An infectious type of coronary inflammation occurs in some localities during the winter months, wherein the condition is enzootic.

    Lameness of the Horse Veterinary Practitioners' Series, No. 1

  • Its appearance in America is by no means of recent occurrence, for the malady was reported by Large in 1847, by Michener in 1850, and by Liautard in 1869 as appearing in both sporadic and enzootic form in several of the Eastern States.

    Special Report on Diseases of the Horse

  • It has been met with in enzootic form near smelting works, where, by the fumes arising from the works, lead in the form of oxid, carbonate, or sulphate was deposited on the grass and herbage which the horses ate.

    Special Report on Diseases of the Horse

  • It may occur in sporadic form, but in certain regions, such as South Africa, Australia, Madagascar, India, Hawaii, and in this country it seems to be enzootic, several cases usually appearing in the same stable or on the same farm, and numerous animals being affected in the same district.

    Special Report on Diseases of the Horse

  • It is now a permanent disease in our large cities, selecting for the continuance of its virulence young or especially susceptible horses which pass through the large and ill-ventilated and uncleaned stables of dealers, and assumes from time to time an enzootic form, when from some reason its virulence increases.

    Special Report on Diseases of the Horse

  • He found that during a local enzootic, produced by the introduction of infected horses into an extensive stable otherwise perfectly healthy, the infection took place in what at first seemed to be a most irregular manner, but which was shown later to be dependent on the ventilation and currents of air through the various buildings.

    Special Report on Diseases of the Horse

  • Infectious abortion (also known as contagious abortion, epizootic abortion, enzootic abortion, slinking of colts) is a disease of mares which from a specific cause results in the premature expulsion of the fetus and its membranes from the uterus.

    Special Report on Diseases of the Horse

  • VHSV is widely dispersed in the Great Lakes and is both an enzootic and epizootic pathogen.

    PLoS ONE Alerts: New Articles


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  • Zika, which was discovered incidentally in Uganda in 1947 in the course of mosquito and primate surveillance,1 had until now remained an obscure virus confined to a narrow equatorial belt running across Africa and into Asia. The virus circulated predominantly in wild primates and arboreal mosquitoes such as Aedes africanus and rarely caused recognized “spillover” infections in humans, even in highly enzootic areas.2 Its current explosive pandemic reemergence is therefore truly remarkable.


    Zika Virus in the Americas — Yet Another Arbovirus Threat

    Anthony S. Fauci, M.D., and David M. Morens, M.D.

    January 13, 2016DOI: 10.1056/NEJMp1600297

    January 14, 2016