Definitions

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A molecule or functional group which is capable of fluorescence.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. An atomic group the presence of which in the molecule of a compound is supposed to cause the exhibition of fluorescence. Such groupings are the ring structures in pyrone, acridine, anthracene, etc.

Etymologies

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

fluoro- + -phore.

Examples

  • Maturation of the wild-type fluorophore is quite efficient at 28 degrees, but increasing the temperature to 37 degrees substantially reduces overall maturation and results in decreased fluorescence.

    Archive 2005-10-01

  • Two predominant features of the fluorescent protein fluorophore have important implications for its utility as a probe.

    Archive 2005-10-01

  • It is important to note that the native green fluorescent protein fluorophore exists in two states.

    Archive 2005-10-01

  • For this to work, the researchers must add the gene for the new enzyme, known as a fluorophore ligase, to each cell at the same time that they add the gene for the protein of interest.

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  • The blue and cyan variants of green fluorescent protein resulted from direct modification of the tyrosine residue at position 66 (Tyr66) in the native fluorophore (see Figure 2).

    Archive 2005-10-01

  • First, the photophysical properties of green fluorescent protein as a fluorophore are quite complex and thus, the molecule can accommodate a considerable amount of modification.

    Archive 2005-10-01

  • The second important feature of green fluorescent protein is that fluorescence is highly dependent on the molecular structure surrounding the tripeptide fluorophore.

    Archive 2005-10-01

  • The discovery of green fluorescent protein in the early 1960s ultimately heralded a new era in cell biology by enabling investigators to apply molecular cloning methods, fusing the fluorophore moiety to a wide variety of protein and enzyme targets, in order to monitor cellular processes in living systems using optical microscopy and related methodology.

    Archive 2005-10-01

  • It is remarkable that the principle fluorophore is derived from a triplet of adjacent amino acids: the serine, tyrosine, and glycine residues at locations 65, 66, and 67 (referred to as Ser65, Tyr66, and Gly67; see Figure 2).

    Archive 2005-10-01

  • In addition, the fluorophore maturation time is reduced with these modifications.

    Archive 2005-10-01

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